Domestic textile machinery: the gap in technology is shrinking

At present, most domestic textile companies that target high-end products will still prefer imported equipment when purchasing equipment. However, for many small and medium-sized textile enterprises, domestic textile machinery can fully meet production requirements. After years of development, domestic textile machinery and equipment weaving technology has achieved leaps and bounds, but it is undeniable that there are still many gaps in domestic equipment compared with old European textile machinery manufacturers such as Germany and France. In order to understand where the difference between domestic equipment and imported equipment is, what equipment does the textile company user need currently? This reporter conducted a follow-up survey of some long-term production and technical personnel and equipment management personnel, and conducted these valuable survey data. Careful organization, classification, and summarization form this group of reports. We hope that through this group of reports, we will be able to build a communication platform for textile and textile machinery companies, and ultimately promote the quality of domestic textile machinery equipment to international quality as soon as possible.

Participate in the investigation of the company:

Shandong Luyin Group Fucheng Cashmere & Textile Co., Ltd. Northwest No. 1 Cotton Textile Co., Ltd. Zhengzhou Simian Co., Ltd. Xuchang Yufeng Textile Co., Ltd. Shaanxi Bafang Textile Co., Ltd. Shandong Nanshan Garment Co., Ltd. Wuhan Jiangnan Group Co., Ltd. Domestic equipment gap: low durability Poor reliability Many textile machinery companies in China are keen on counterfeiting. Their enthusiasm for basic research on new products is low, and research and development are slow. This also led to the gaps in domestic equipment such as heavy labor, poor reliability, low efficiency, low automation, and low energy-saving and consumption-reduction measures.

According to Wang Shili, head of the production department of Shandong Luyin Group Yucheng Cashmere Textile Co., Ltd., based on the understanding of domestic and imported equipment in the semi-worsted spinning industry, the trend of increasingly finer and more professional division of the textile industry has become even more apparent, although domestic equipment is currently In terms of material manufacturing, there have been major improvements. General equipment such as dyeing machines, dryers, carding machines, drawing frames, roving machines, spinning machines, etc. have all been greatly improved in terms of product quality, but are now sold on the market. Most textile machinery still has a certain gap in the durability of electronic control systems. In comparison, imported equipment has certain advantages in electronic control and precision equipment.

According to Guo Chuanying, deputy general manager and chief engineer of Zhengzhou Simian, in the future development of textile enterprises, whoever masters high-end technology, possesses advanced equipment, and has the ability to maintain sustainable development, who will be able to stand in the future competition invincible position. At present, textile companies are generally faced with the problem of “recruitment difficulties” and rising labor costs year by year. Therefore, improving the efficiency of textile machinery, saving energy, and saving labor have become an inevitable requirement for textile companies and an inevitable trend for the development of textile machinery equipment. Textile companies hope that textile machinery manufacturers will increase R&D investment and technological innovation, and accelerate the transition from "manufacturing" to "creating." For example, the use of flexible, mechatronics, modular structure design, development of differentiated functions and on-line detection, computer network diagnostics and automation control of the textile equipment, to achieve the upgrading of traditional textile equipment.

Wang Wusheng, the equipment division of Northwest Textile Co., Ltd., believes that the main gap between domestic equipment and imported equipment is still insufficient in terms of product performance, quality, and reliability. At the same time, many domestic textile machinery companies are keen on counterfeiting in technology research and development. The enthusiasm for basic research on new products is not high, and research and development are slow. This is mainly manifested in the fact that domestic equipment is labor-intensive, poor in reliability, low in efficiency, low in automation, and less energy-saving and consumption-reducing measures. In the production process, there will be problems such as large differences in the models of domestic textile machines, poor stability, poor control systems, distorted display data, difficulties in pipe connection, and poorly closed interfaces.

Advantages of domestic equipment: Excellent price and full-service accessories Domestic textile machinery greatly simplifies the structure of machinery and electrical appliances, reduces manufacturing costs, increases testing capabilities, improves the technical content of the instrument, and domestically-made test equipment has become a reliable and reliable technical staff. assistant.

In general, the advantages of domestic equipment are affordable, parts service in place, the operating process is simple, easy maintenance.

According to Chen Lixin, chief of the equipment department of Shaanxi Bafang Textile Co., Ltd., there are indeed many shortages in domestic equipment such as heavy labor and poor reliability, but its advantages are also obvious, such as affordable prices and the availability of accessories services. There are also some technical staff of textile companies who believe that although imported equipment has high production efficiency and good stability, the problem is that investment in imported equipment is large and the maintenance costs are high in the later period. Textile companies are most in need of equipment with high degree of automation, reduced labor, and reasonable cost performance. At present, exhibit exhibits have basically met the needs of enterprises.

In addition to the host computer, the quality of some domestically-made equipment is also approaching that of foreign advanced products, and it has been recognized and praised by many users. The chief engineer of Donghua Textile Co., Ltd. Luding Ding pointed out that the current cost-effectiveness of domestic equipment products continues to increase, and now we can also find inexpensive textile equipment products in China. For example, in Switzerland and Germany, the bead ring is 800 yuan per box, and the current domestically-priced bead ring can reach 80 yuan per box, and the maximum is not more than 200 yuan per box, but the use effect is already very good; Combing cloth foreign products 45,000 yuan / set, but a set of domestic combed card clothing products is only 15,000 yuan / sets, but the quality level has been greatly improved, such as the product quality of the company's products are now close to foreign Imported product performance. The most important thing is that the service speed of accessories for domestic equipment and equipment is much faster than that of foreign companies, and the price of accessories is generally acceptable to domestic enterprises.

The first-line technicians of the spinning workshop of Wuhan Jiangnan Group believe that, at present, the domestically-made test instruments generally have the advantages of reasonable price, cheap accessories, simple operation process, ability to meet basic testing requirements, good after-sales service, and convenient maintenance and repair. Basically can meet the daily production needs of enterprises. With the universal application of computer technology, domestic textile instruments have greatly simplified the structure of machinery and electrical appliances, reduced manufacturing costs, increased testing capabilities, improved the technical content of the instrument, and domestically-made test equipment has become a trusted assistant for technical personnel.

Advantages of imported equipment: high efficiency, high reliability, low failures, and high-end products require high level of automation of equipment. At present, the practical problems such as poor worker stability and increase in labor costs are increasing. To improve the automation level of equipment, the above problems can be alleviated to some extent, and this is also the biggest advantage of imported equipment.

Most textile companies report that the advantages of imported equipment are obvious advantages in terms of quality, reliability, electromechanical integration, and R&D investment, as well as easy assembly and high efficiency. Compared with imported equipment, the gap between domestic equipment and imported equipment is still clear carding, combing, automatic winder.

Xuchang Yufeng Textile Co., Ltd. owns 3 sets of 6 lines and 48 sets (carding machines) of Crosloc type carding comb in the UK. The person in charge of the company said that the importing carding company has high efficiency, low labor, and low failure. When the output can reach 46 kg per unit, it is 15% higher than that of domestically produced equipment of 40 kg per unit. 5% level; 6 shifts per day for three shifts, saving one-third of the labor cost of domestic equipment.

"The importing carding team has been successfully commissioned for one week and it is normal to open it up. The domestically-made carding team, with its open and open adjustments, is difficult to enter normal operation after one month of commissioning." The head of the Zhengzhou First Textile Company said: The foreign equipment is installed by experts and strictly follows the plan. Super progress is not allowed. The pipeline installation is horizontal and vertical. The level meter is used for measurement. ”

Imported automatic winders and domestic machines are also not comparable. The person in charge said: "Zhengzhou First Textile Company has 27 automatic winding machines of Oerlikon Schlafhorst, Germany. The knot quality is very good, the joints can't be seen, and the consistency is good. Moreover, the knot strength can be More than 85%, the panel is user-friendly, online inspection is performed, and the running status of the equipment is reflected at any time, so that the quality problems of a certain car and an ingot in the previous process can be collected, and the operator's working status and efficiency can be displayed, and the output can be reproduced. There are red, yellow, red and yellow light alarm devices, and foreign fiber detection function modules have also been added according to the individual requirements of the company."

Zhengzhou Hongye Textile Company owns 30 automatic winding machines in Germany. The head of the company believes that the German automatic winder is perfect. The equipment is not only equipped with frequency conversion devices, but also equipped with filters to prevent interference from the power grid. The equipment is stable and reliable, and it has been operating for more than one year without any failure.

Xuchang Yufeng has 20 Italian Savio automatic winders. The machine has high technical content. It can display the quality of online drying, yarn defect, hairiness, etc. at each spindle. The speed can reach 1500 meters per minute, which is 1.5 times higher than domestically produced equipment of 600 meters per minute. . And the formation of yarn is good, it is conducive to the next process of high-speed production, the knot quality is stable, strong consistency. An automatic winder only needs 1 person/shift, while domestic winder needs 6 persons/shift. From the quality, performance, and labor of the products produced, the imported automatic winder and domestic machine are not comparable.

“The imported comber is stable and reliable, and it has not failed for more than one year.” Zhengzhou No. 1 textile company engineer said that the company has 15 Swiss Rieter combers and has been operating for more than one year without any problems. Reliable and more than 25% higher than domestic equipment. The company also has 3 domestic combers, which are very different from imported combers, and have low output and high failure rate.

Zhengzhou Simian deputy general manager and chief engineer Guo Chuanying told reporters that domestic carding machines have large differences and poor stability. The control system is not working, sometimes showing data distortion. The pipelines are not standardized, the connection is difficult, the pipeline interface is not closed tightly, and the pressure in the pipeline is not uniform. Compared with the domestic carding machine, the imported carding machine produces the same variety and the same quality, and the output is more than 20% higher. The instructions for importing carding companies are very detailed, and operations, maintenance, and electrical appliances are described. Even refueling parts, operating procedures, and refueling cycles are clearly written. The domestic equipment, the same model configuration changes frequently, manual, part number, in-kind does not match, about 20% of the parts can not, which causes installation trouble, laborious, time-consuming, laborious.

Wang Enqing of Product Design R&D Department of Shandong Nanshan Garments Co., Ltd. told the reporter that the looms currently used by Nanshan Garment Company are mainly imported equipment. From the perspective of usage, the imported equipment is more suitable for the actual needs of the company's product development. Domestic equipment has a certain degree of The price advantage, the purchase of equipment and accessories is relatively more convenient, but in the level of automation, energy saving, equipment stability and other aspects do have some problems. For companies like this that produce high-end products, they require a higher level of automation. With the poor stability of the workers and the increase in labor costs, improving the automation level of the equipment can alleviate the aforementioned problems to a certain extent. This is also the biggest advantage of imported equipment.

In addition to the host computer, domestic textile equipment and the world's advanced equipment companies also have a large gap. This gap is mainly reflected in the shorter service life and poor manufacturing accuracy. It is generally recognized in the industry that the difference in quality between domestic textile equipment and similar foreign products is mainly related to the stability, consistency of the process and the quality of the operators. In addition, there is a big relationship with the use of raw materials. There are many types of raw materials involved in textile equipment, and the requirements for materials are high. However, the supply channels for domestic materials are numerous and complex, and the research and evaluation standards for materials are not uniform, so the quality of raw materials is not stable. Large quantities of raw materials still need to be imported, which makes it difficult for quality control of textile equipment manufacturers.

In short, the imported equipment has good performance and high efficiency, but the price is high, the maintenance is very troublesome, and the accessories are very expensive; the domestic equipment has poor performance and low efficiency, but the price is low, the maintenance is convenient, and the after-sales service is good, each has advantages and disadvantages.

The equipment needed by the enterprise: less labor and intelligent service The textile enterprises need the equipment that is cheap, the quality passes, the domestic production environment and the status quo of the labor force and good after-sales service. On the basis of meeting these basic requirements, the equipment level will be more favored if it can reach the international advanced level.

In the first half of this year, for many textile companies, production and sales were not very satisfactory. On the one hand, most textile companies are faced with the test of the pressure of rising prices of raw materials at the upstream and the surge in labor costs of enterprises. On the other hand, there are still many uncertain factors in the development of the international economic environment. How to reduce the production cost of enterprises has become the pursuit of most textile companies. Under such a large background environment, the selection of equipment standards by textile companies is undergoing subtle changes. Textile machinery products with provincial advantages, high degree of automation, and good after-sales service are increasingly favored by users.

Wang Wusheng, head of the equipment division of Northwest Cotton & Textile Co., Ltd., believes that textile companies need the equipment with the lowest price, quality clearance, suitable for the domestic textile production environment and the status quo of the labor force and good after-sales service. On these foundations, the equipment level is as follows: The equipment that can reach the international advanced will get more people's favor. Wang Wusheng believes that the main reason is that the current global financial crisis and the impact of emerging textile countries, domestic textile companies are in the stage of low profit or no profit, coupled with the general decline in the quality of staff and work, resulting in adverse effects on the operation of the enterprise.

Wang Shili, head of Shandong Luyin Group's Rongcheng Cashmere Company, told reporters that with the development of society, people’s employment concept began to change. In the future, labor-intensive textile companies will face more severe employment problems and labor costs will further increase. Therefore, textile companies tend to use less mechanical and highly automated machinery and equipment.

Liu Qingtong, deputy general manager and senior engineer of Xuchang Yufeng Textile Co., Ltd., believes that high efficiency, low failures, and low employment are hot issues that companies are concerned about. Xuchang Yufeng Textile Co., Ltd. owns 3 sets of British Krosrol carding joints, which produces 6 people in three shifts per day, which is 1/3 more than domestic equipment. Textile machinery manufacturers should pay more attention to the actual needs of downstream companies. In textile machinery equipment, we must promote the use of high-strength, lightweight new materials and energy-saving mechanical and electrical products, reduce the energy consumption of textile machinery and equipment, and save energy for the textile industry as a whole. Provide technical support.

Good or bad?

Look at the mark According to regulations, the Cashmere Sweater trademark should indicate the cashmere content. The higher the cashmere content, the more expensive the price. Particularly noteworthy is that the state stipulates that cashmere sweater cashmere volume must be above 30%, was called cashmere sweater, 95% of the above can be marked 100% cashmere sweater.
2 strong wear resistance. Due to the blended products of cashmere and wool, it is stronger and wearable than pure cashmere, so it is generally more stable to mix a certain proportion of wool; pure cashmere is expensive, but not strong enough, and abrasion resistance is worse than that of sweater.
3 than the weight. The same size cashmere sweater and contrast, the former was significantly lighter than the latter.
4. Some manufacturers use worsted circular knitting fabric, after the down, made into sweaters, posing as cashmere sweater, this sweater feel thick and soft, and cashmere sweater thin and delicate features are very different, should pay attention to identify.
On the market why there is ultra-low-cost cashmere sweater, the parties believe that one is a genuine cashmere sweater, because the broken code, broken number, style obsolete, price cuts sales; there is a blended, a certain percentage of cashmere wool, cashmere The lower the content, the lower the price; the worst is a non-cashmere, good point is to take a cotton sweater posing (cashmere cashmere, sheep cashmere), poor even wool content is not high.

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